The Coolest Places On Earth: Carved-Mountain City of Petra, Jordan (Slideshow)

Around 300 BC, this city, carved into the sandstone base of Mount Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as Mount Sinai from the Bible), was established as the capital of the Nabataeans, an ancient people who lived in the region during that time.

Check out some pictures of the outside and inside of the city (click an image to enlarge).

The Nabataeans were also ingenious engineers, building a system of dams and channels to redirect waterways and create an artificial oasis for the city. These innovations made it a center of trade and a formidable fortress.

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