Tag Archives: colonizing mars

The Next Rover NASA Is Sending to Mars Will Produce Oxygen and Search for Farmland

Back in June, Chief NASA Scientist Ellen Stofan did an interview in which she announced NASA’s plans to colonize Mars.

“We like to talk about pioneering Mars rather than just exploring Mars, because once we get to Mars we will set up some sort of permanent presence,”

she told the Guardian in the interview.

Now, NASA is taking the first steps towards that goal, officially announcing a groundbreaking rover mission planned for the summer 2020.

The 2020 rover will look a lot like the Curiosity rover launched in 2012. Like Curiosity, as well as Spirit and Opportunity (the other two most recent rovers), the 2020 rover will be searching for signs of life.

An overview of the planned rover. Click to enlarge (Courtesy of NASA)

But unlike any of its other predecessors, the 2020 rover will actively seek to create the conditions in which human colonization would be feasible.

“The 2020 rover will help answer questions about the Martian environment that astronauts will face and test technologies they need before landing on, exploring and returning from the Red Planet,”

said William Gerstenmaier, who has served as NASA’s Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations since 2005.

This process will include experiments that turn carbon dioxide in the Martian air into oxygen, “for human respiration.” This oxygen would also make it possible for rocket fuel to be produced on Mars, giving spacecrafts an opportunity to refuel there.

The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE), will produce oxygen from the carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere. Click to enlarge (Courtesy of NASA)

The rover will also be equipped with the latest photography equipment. 3-D cameras will capture detailed panoramic images of the Red Planet.

Also, spectrometers will allow the rover to analyze the chemical make-up of the Martian soil. This will allow NASA to gauge their ability to establish and support farming efforts by astronauts in the future.

“An ability to live off the Martian land would transform future exploration of the planet,”

NASA said in a statement they released about the 2020 mission.

Check out the pictures below to see a timeline for the mission and explore more of the features to be included on the 2020 rover. Click an image to enlarge:

Read the original story from CNN here.

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NASA’s Opportunity Rover Just Set the Off-World Driving Distance Record

NASA’s Opportunity rover landed on the surface of Mars in January of 2004. As of Sunday (July 26), the Opportunity rover had driven a total distance of 25 miles (40 kilometers).

Opportunity took the top spot in total off-world distance traveled by surpassing Russia’s Lunokhod 2 lunar rover, which traveled a total distance of 39 kilometers across the surface of the moon between January and May of 1973.

The Russian rover helped to bring about a golden age of space exploration in the 70s. As a sign of respect, the Opportunity rover’s operators decided to commemorate the Russian rover by naming one of the first craters they encountered after it.

Tracing the path that Opportunity has taken since it landed on Mars in 2004. On the left rim of the large Endeavor Crater, you can see the Lunokhod 2 crater. Click to enlarge (Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/NMMNHS)

The craziest part of this record is that the Opportunity rover was only expected to travel a short distance when it was first sent to Mars in 2004. Here’s John Callas, who manages the Mars Exploration Project at NASA’s Jet-Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California:

“This is so remarkable considering Opportunity was intended to drive about one kilometer and was never designed for distance. But what is really important is not how many miles the rover has racked up, but how much exploration and discovery we have accomplished over that distance.”

The Opportunity rover is collecting data on Mars as part of a long-term plan for a manned mission to the planet around the year 2030.

The infographic below compares the distances driven by different rovers throughout the years. Click to enlarge (courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech):

Read the original story from NASA here.

Ellen Stofan, Chief NASA Scientist: Our plan is to colonize Mars

Ellen Stofan, is one of NASA’s chief scientists, and is the principal advisor to NASA Administrator Charles Bolden on the agency’s science programs, planning and investments.

Yesterday, she sat down for an interview with The Guardian to talk about NASA, Mars, space and the future of space exploration and colonization.

NASA Scientist Ellen Stofan

During the interview, the host asked Stofan the following question:

“Is Nasa going to send humans to Mars just to show that it can?”

Stofan responded,

“Well, I’m biased because I’m a field geologist. Humans can actually read a landscape, go through a lot of rocks – crack them open, throw them, pick up the next one. Rovers are great, they do amazing science, but it is a lot more tedious process – they go much less far than a human can cover in a day. Having humans on the surface is how I think we are going to be able to demonstrate totally conclusively that life did evolve on Mars.”

The interviewer responded with the following:

“There is a lot of talk about settling Mars. Will Nasa be bringing its astronauts back?”

Stofan had this to say:

“We would definitely plan on bringing them back. We like to talk about pioneering Mars rather than just exploring Mars, because once we get to Mars we will set up some sort of permanent presence.”

Stofan also answered questions about NASA’s search for extra-terrestrial life, the risks of contaminating Mars, and space junk, among other things. You can listen to the interview below or read more of the transcripts from The Guardian here.